To prevent the effects of summer heat…

What is the average human body temperature?

The average temperature of the human body is 37 degrees Celsius (36.1 – 37.) When the ambient temperature is higher than the average temperature, excess heat is lost through sweat and increased blood flow to the skin and the body reaches the average temperature.

Why are we affected by summer heat?

Salt deficiency and dehydration occur when excessive sweating occurs due to summer heat. This can cause excessive thirst, headache, body fatigue, dizziness, muscle cramps, low urine output, fainting, convulsions etc.

Sun exposure can cause rashes, itching, rashes, sand rash, stomach problems etc. People who don’t drink a lot of water can get kidney stones. Children playing in the sun are prone to convulsions.

Who is most affected by summer heat?

Infants, young children, pregnant women and the elderly are more likely to be affected.
How to prevent summer heat-related diseases?
Drink plenty of water: Even if you are not thirsty, drink at least 5 to 7 liters of water daily.

Adequate amount of water should be consumed to the extent that the urine is pale yellow in color. Avoid drinking hot drinks. Drink lots of buttermilk, rice porridge mixed with salt and whey, fresh water, lemon juice mixed with salt, ORS salt solution.

When going out: Carry a water bottle while travelling. Avoid going out in the sun unnecessarily.

Dressing: Wear soft, loose, breathable cotton clothing that allows sweat to escape easily. While working in the open field, one should wear a cotton cloth/towel on the head.

Cool ventilation in houses: Windows and doors exposed to direct sunlight should be covered with curtains. You can keep windows open to let in cool air at night. Bathe in cold water every morning, evening or night.

When working outdoors: Drink water regularly. A towel must be tied on the head. It is better to wear loose cotton clothes. If you are tired, take some rest in the shade.

What to do if you are affected by summer heat?

If a person experiences symptoms of fatigue, headache, dizziness while working in an open space with high solar heat, he should immediately move from a hot place to a cool place with less heat. Also, drink water / lemon juice / ORS solution.

If fainting, fatigue, excessive thirst, headache, leg, wrist or abdominal pain occur, call a nearby person for help.
If you are very tired or dizzy, seek medical help without delay.

Child protection

Children below 5 years of age, including infants, should not be taken outside between 11 am and 4 pm. If there is a need to take children outside, they should be covered with cloth. Children should not be allowed to play outside.

How to give first aid to those affected by summer heatstroke?

If someone faints at home or in a public place, call a doctor or an ambulance immediately.

The unconscious person should be made to lie on one side.

Check for pulse, heart rate, breathing.

Body temperature should be checked.

While waiting for a doctor or an ambulance, keep the victim lying flat on the floor and hold the leg and hip elevated. Loosen clothes and give exercise with an ice cube. Cold water should be constantly sprinkled all over the body. Ventilation should be provided continuously.

Do not give tablets like aspirin, paracetamol to people suffering from heatstroke
What are the best summer foods?

It is good to consume nungu, watermelon, young water, buttermilk, cucumber etc. regularly. Include more vegetables in your diet.  

Method of preparation of ORS solution

1 packet of ORS powder should be mixed well in 1 liter of clean drinking water. The freshly mixed mixture should be used within 24 hours.

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