Osteoporosis is one of the major problems affecting the joints in old age, while the attack on the entire bone mass is called osteoporosis.
Many of us don’t even know that it is the cause of many bone fractures without making a sound. So understanding the causes of joint weakness can help heal aging.

According to the International Osteoporosis Foundation, every three seconds someone suffers a fracture worldwide due to loss of bone strength. This means that one in three women and one in five men over the age of fifty are affected by this problem, and the severity of this problem can be understood.

How is it coming?

This is due to the decrease in bone mineral density and its micro architectural deterioration of the bone due to various reasons. That is, just as the economic balance is disturbed when spending exceeds the income, there is a huge gap in bone formation and wear and tear in old age.

Who should be careful?

over sixty years of age
If someone has a family history of this problem
People who take regular medicines for chronic diseases
Depleting hormones. Specifically, estrogen is essential for women and testosterone is essential for men
People who take more than necessary drugs for hypothyroidism (those with thyroid problems, under the supervision of an endocrinologist is best)
Overactive parathyroid, adrenal glands
Age disproportionately overweight and underweight is a risk.
People who don’t get enough calcium in their diet (on average, 1,000 mg of calcium should be added to the body daily. That’s 1,200 mg for women over 50 and men over 65) General Symptoms There are usually no symptoms until a fracture
Pelvic pain persists. It can be caused by cracking of spinal cord bones or deformity of spinal cord bones
Average height may decrease
Spinal cord may bend and fall into a cone (Stooped Posture) #
Small slips may break bones
Bones most affected are hip, spine, ankle, wrist bones
The most common symptom in women is the wrist A fracture occurs.
Back and hip pain that comes on automatically without any accident or trauma. It can also come from a spinal or pelvic fracture (shouldn’t be ignored as hip pain in the beginning)
If a back fracture occurs, the height will decrease slightly and the back will be bent (collapsed). If the height drops by more than 4 cm, at least one vertebra is broken.
As the space between the ribs on the side of the chest and the pelvic bone decreases and collides with each other, it becomes difficult to walk and work.
Similarly, hip fractures may increase with age.
Not only this, it is also possible to break the bones of the arms and legs.

What tests can be done?

Dexa Scan
Bone ALP, Osteocalcin, Vitamin D level
General blood tests

Pay attention to medications

People taking these medications are more likely to have a fracture. So extra care is needed:
People taking chronic stomach ulcer drugs (Proton Pump Inhibitors)
Antiviral drugs
Cancer drugs
Epilepsy drugs
Diabetes, liver damage drugs
Kidney damage drugs
Depression drugs

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